Teachers and parents, If you want to know what are the dyslexia symptoms in the classroom or at home ensure that these children receive the interventions they need to read well. Continue Reading…
You must have seen the movie Taare Zameen Par and you also must have thought like many others do that the kid in the movie was just uninterested in his studies. Little did everyone know about Dyslexia symptoms. It was only when Amir Khan stepped in that everyone realized the child’s plight and his illness.
Today, let’s step into his shoes today and learn more about Dyslexia causes and treatment. What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability, where people may struggle with reading, writing, spelling, and pronunciation. When the teacher told Ishaan to read the sentence, he said “ye toh naach rahe hai” – the letters are dancing. Though it might look like a funny scene, that’s how the person with dyslexia experiences words! Students with dyslexia are eligible for special education, which includes a specifically prepared curriculum and instruction from a special educator, which is uncommon in most public schools.
Dyslexia is a hidden condition for some people who have never been identified, and it can lead to joblessness, trouble managing educational situations, work difficulties, and low self-confidence. Dyslexia treatment can involve training and provision of other written materials in an accessible format, structured job responsibilities, and assistive technology can help adults with dyslexia perform in the workplace.
Here’s a note on Dyslexia causes –
Although the specific causes of dyslexia are unknown, brain imaging studies have revealed variations in the way the brain of a person with dyslexia grows and works. The brain is split into two hemispheres: right and left. The left hemisphere is responsible for understanding written language, speaking fluency, grammatical use, and reading. Research studies reveal that persons with dyslexia have slight differences in these regions.
A dyslexic parent may be one of the causes, although this does not guarantee that all children of a dyslexic parent will have it. Environmental factors like difficulties during birth, as well as head injuries and other brain disorders, can all be factors.
Dyslexia is not caused by a lack of intelligence or a willingness to learn – persons with dyslexia may learn successfully with the right teaching methods. Many clever and creative people with dyslexia never learn to read, write, or spell at a level compatible with their intellectual capacity.
What are the Dyslexia symptoms?
Here are some of the symptoms that might help you:
- Difficulty in learning and identifying the alphabet – a aur aa ke antar nahi samaj paate.
- Speech issues: Pronouncing letters incorrectly – saying “dad bay” instead of “bad day”- “laal – peela” ko “laap leela bolna”
- Rhyming words and nursery rhymes are not well understood or appreciated – for example, “naam – shaam”, “kaala – peela”, “mouse in the house” or “boy has a toy”.
- Having difficulty learning to read – showing least interest and concentration while reading – jab doosra insaan pad ke suna raha hota hai inka dyaan kisi aur cheez main ye phir bahar hota hai.
- Read and write slowly – ek akshar likhne ke liye bahut time lete hai.
- Confusion between similar letters, such as “b” and “d” or “ढ” – “द”
- Inability to grasp written information due to bad spelling – jaankari ko theek se samaj nahi paate.
- Spelling error – akshar ko galat likh te he, “आम” ko “आग” likhna.
- Difficulties understanding written information – likha hua jaankari ko samajh ne main takleef.
- Words were read out of order – “main school jata hoon” ko “main jata school hoon” karke padna.
- Handwriting is difficult to read – unka akshar padne ke liye mushkil hota hai.
- Confusion with directions – daahine aur baahine ka pata nahi chalta.
- Badly organized written work lacks expression, for example – having difficulty in expressing their ideas in written or verbally – apne vichaaron ko likhit ya maukhik roop se vyakt karne mein kathinaee hona.
- Having trouble preparing and producing essays, letters, or reports – nibandh, patr ya riport taiyar karane aur taiyaar karane mein pareshaanee ho rahee hai.
- Challenges in revising for exams – pariksha ke lie revision mein kathinanta ho raha hai.
- Avoiding reading and writing – padhne-likhne se bachne.
- Having trouble taking notes or copying – notes lene ya copy karne me pareshani hona
- Misspelling – galat spelling.
- Having difficulty remembering things like phone numbers or passwords – phone number ya password jaisee cheezon ko yaad rakhne mein kathinaee hona.
- Unable to fulfill deadlines – samay seema ko poora karane mein asamarth.
Tips to caregivers and teachers to identify dyslexia:
- Make a note of any spelling errors: It is natural for any child to make spelling mistakes during the learning process, but a child with dyslexia makes specific errors with severe difficulties, such as misunderstanding between letters such as “b” – “d” or “p” – “q”, or even interchanging the letters, for example – “the owl was a bird” will be written as “teh owl saw a brid”
- Notice frequent mistakes and discomfort ness while reading out loud: they avoid situations which involve reading aloud, and even blur out or babble the sentences – just like Ishaan, when the teacher told him to read aloud in front of the whole class.
- Recognize their oral and written capabilities and try to differentiate between them: A dyslexic child may find it difficult to write down their thoughts while being able to communicate them well orally; for example, a child may be excellent at telling stories but find it difficult to write down the same narrative.
- Ask why they have trouble reading. Allow the individual to explain in his or her own words. A person with dyslexia may find words jumbled or even dancing, as Ishaan described.
- Look out for fine and motor skill difficulties: eye-hand coordination, difficulty in tying shoelaces or even catching a ball, etc.
Keep in mind that dyslexia symptoms can only be diagnosed by a professional such as a licensed educational psychologist, all parents and teachers can support pupils with dyslexia by ensuring they receive the assistance they require.
In what other ways does it influence individuals?
Dyslexia can have an impact on an individual’s learning process, but they have various skills and traits which they can explore with the right teaching strategies and assistance.
In “Taare Zameen Par,” Ishaan was shown to be extremely creative. Even in real life, great people with dyslexia include Bollywood star Hrithik Roshan and even the greatest boxing champion Mohammad Ali.
Here are a few other possibilities:
- Capable of having strong memories: They may remember information as if they were a tale rather than data. They use either story telling or create vivid imagination of the situations, and Ishaan’s painting is a proof of it!
- Better spatial reasoning: Spatial reasoning is the ability to see the 3D vision of objects, this skill is very useful in architecture and engineering fields. For example, an individual with dyslexia will know better ways of placing the books in the box and can easily identify how many of those books will fit in the box.
- Increased ability to notice patterns: They will notice even the smallest variations in patterns, for example – they will be able to tell if anything is misplaced, and may also guess what will happen in the future by looking at the past.
- Increased ability in connecting things: you give them a flower petal, they can connect it with flowers, bouquet, trees and even forest.
- Increased imaginary capabilities: People with dyslexia can picture a completely different universe that we cannot even imagine. The lyrics of the song “Jame Raho” which says – “Inhe kisi baat ka dhyan nahi, title se milne jaate hai, ye pedon se patiyate hai…..” shows it clearly.
Myths about Dyslexia:
Myth #1: Dyslexia is a condition in which letters or words seem backward or out of sequence – Dyslexia ek aisi sthiti hai jisamen akshar ya shabd peechhe kee or ya kram se baahar lagate hain
Though jumbling of letters seems common among individuals with dyslexia, this is not always an indicator of dyslexia. Furthermore, dyslexia does not alter the appearance of words. Children with dyslexia, on the other hand, have difficulties matching spoken sounds with written letters or groupings of letters. Reading and writing become difficult as a result of this language processing impairment or obstacle.
Haalaanki dyslexia vaale vyaktiyon mein aksharon ka hilana-dulana aam lagata hai, yah hamesha dyslexia ka sanketak nahin hota hai. isake alaava, dyslexia shabdon ki upasthiti ko nahi badalta hai. doosaree or, dyslexia se peedit bachchon ko likhit aksharon ya akshar ka samooh ke saath bolee jaane vaalee dhvaniyon ka milaan karane mein kathinaee hoti hai. is bhasha prasanskaran haani ya badha ke parinaamasvaroop padhna aur likhna mushkil ho jata hai.
Myth #2: Dyslexia is a sign of below-average or low IQ – Dyslexia Kam buddhi ka Sanket hai
Dyslexia does not indicate a lack of intelligence. It affects children of all ages and IQ levels. Dyslexia does not imply that your child is not intelligent. Children with dyslexia have a wide variety of IQ scores. Dyslexia is diagnosed when a kid performs considerably below expectations in reading or writing in relation to their IQ range.
Dyslexia buddhi ki kami ka sanket nahin deta hai. yah sabhee umr aur IQ (buddhi labdhi) staron ke bachchon ko prabhavit karta hai. dyslexia ka matalab ye nahi hai ki aap ka bachcha buddhimaan nahin hai. dyslexia se peedit bachchon mein IQ score ki ek vistrt vividhata hotee hai. Dyslexia ka nidan tab kiya jaata hai jab koi bacha apne IQ (buddhiman bhagyaphal) range ke sambandh mein padhne ya likhne mein apekshaon se kaaphee kam pradarshan karata hai.
Myth #3: Dyslexia is connected to visual and hearing problems – Dyslexia drshya aur sunne ki samasya se juda hai
Individuals with dyslexia aren’t any more likely than individuals without it to develop visual or hearing impairments. Dyslexia is a learning difference caused by difficulties processing words. Though vision and hearing issues make learning difficult, wearing glasses or using a hearing aid will not address dyslexia.
Dyslexia ya bina dyslexia se peedith vyakti drshti ya shravan dosh viksit hone kee adhik sambhaavana nahin hotee hai. disleksiya ek seekhane ka antar hai jo shabdon ko sansaadhit karane mein kathinaiyon ke kaaran hota hai. haalaanki drshti aur shravan sambandhi samasyaen seekhane ko kathin bana dete hain, chashma pahanane ya shravan yantr ka upayog karane se disleksiya ka samaadhaan nahin hoga.
Myth #4: Dyslexia can be cured – Dyslexia theek ho sakta hai
Dyslexia is a learning disability that cannot simply be “cured.” People who get early intervention, particular teaching strategies, and enough tutoring and support can learn to live with dyslexia.
Dyslexia ek seekhne ki akshamata hai jise keval “theek ” nahi kiya ja sakta hai. jin logon ki shuruaat hastakshep, vishesh shikshan rananeetiyaan, aur paryaapt shikshan aur samarthan milata hai, ve dyslexia ke saath jeena seekh sakte hain.
Myth #5: People who have dyslexia are just lazy and should try hard – Dyslexia vaale log aalasee hote hain aur unhen kadee mehanat karanee chaahiye
Dyslexia is a brain-related condition in which people function differently than the general population. It is the wiring in the brain that makes learning difficult for them, not a lack of interest or laziness. Specific teaching methods and extensive training have been demonstrated in studies to be useful to them.
Dyslexia mastishk se sambandhit ek sthiti hai jisamen log saamaanya aabaadee kee tulana mein alag tarah se kaary karate hain. yah mastishk mein taar hai jo unake lie seekhane ko kathin banaata hai, na ki ruchi ya aalasy ki kameez. Unake liye upayogee hone ke liye adhyayan mein vishisht shikshan vidhiyon aur vyaapak prashikshan ka pradarshan kiya gaya hai.
Defining the concern, counseling parents, and potentially even counseling teachers are the first steps in treatment. Anxiety, sadness, and attention deficit are among the psychological symptoms of dyslexia in 40% to 60% of dyslexic children. The treatment involves two major procedures:
- Treatment of basic reading and spelling difficulties: involves activities like coloring or drawing a letter, use of audiobooks and voice recorders, speech therapy to assist with pronunciation, a friendly learning environment, etc.
- Treatment of accompanying psychological conditions (anxiety, sadness, depression, etc) Psychotherapy for children and adolescents is provided to address psychological issues. This primarily attempts to alleviate symptoms in children and boost their individual development.
- If you’re worried about your child/student, take them to visit an educational psychologist or a special educator, so they can look for symptoms of any underlying health concerns, such as hearing or vision problems that may be coming in between their ability to learn. I
f there are no health issues that are affecting the individual’s learning process, then different teaching methods can be used. Thinking about reaching out to someone to help your loved one? Ask your queries or book an appointment with a mental health professional who can help right here